Hicksville is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) within the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, on Long Island, New York, United States. The population of the CDP was 41,547 at the 2010 census.
Valentine Hicks, the son-in-law of abolitionist and Quaker preacher Elias Hicks and eventual president of the Long Island City Rail Road, bought land in the village in 1834 and turned it into a station stop on the LIRR 1837. The station became a depot for produce, particularly cucumbers for a Heinz Company plant. After a blight destroyed the cucumber crops, the farmers grew potatoes. It turned into a bustling New York City suburb in the building boom following World War II.
The hamlet is named for Valentine Hicks. In 1953, Hicksville attempted to incorporate itself as the Incorporated Village of Hicksville. Many residents felt that the community would be run more effectively than the Town of Oyster Bay by incorporating it as a village. A petition had been signed with 6,242 signatures from residents in favor of the plan. However, these plans were unsuccessful, and Hicksville remains an unincorporated area of the Town of Oyster Bay in Long Island City, NYC.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles (18 km2), of which 6.8 square miles (18 km2) are islands and 0.15% is water. The climate is borderline between hot-summer humid continental (Dfa) and humid subtropical (Cfa), and the local hardiness zone is 7a. Average monthly temperatures in the village center range from 31.9 °F in January to 74.7 °F in July. Top HVAC Long Island
Metalab Equipment Company, a division of Norbute Corp, made laboratory furniture and cabinetry. Also, Manufacturing manufactured electric lamps and lampshades from 1975 through 1991. The Rubber Company of America (RUCO) built a manufacturing site in 1945. RUCO Polymer Corp. (Hooker Chemical Company) manufactured plastics, latex, and esters. Occidental Chemical Corporation (OCC) owned and operated this site from 1966 to 1982. Sybron Corporation purchased the place, then in 2000, the Bayer Corporation (Bayer Material Science) purchased the Hooker Ruco facility and, in 2002, decided to close the facility. The facility was a freight customer of the Long Island Rail Road and New York and Atlantic Railway, served by a spur track off the Main Line next to the grade crossing at New South Road. The site was used for the production of polyester from 1982 until 2002. The LIRR removed the switch during track work sometime after the closure and demolition of the buildings on the property. The property remains fenced-off and vacant currently.
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